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Cells and Molecules Carbohydrate, lipid, protein and DNA structure and function and classification DNA replication Semi conservative replication Protein synthesis Cell membranes, transport – diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport and endo/exocytosis. Cell organelles Mitosis, mieosis process for gamete formation. Ecology and Physiology Ecosystems Abiotic (light temperature pH salinity soil type aspect) and biotic (intra and […]

Organic Chemistry

Structure: shape of organic molecules, types of formulae, homologous series, nomenclature, use of mass spectra and IR spectra Isomerism: structural, geometrical and optical Petroleum: origin and occurrence, refining, fractionation, cracking, reforming, uses of fractions Alanes: properties, lack of reactivity, combustion with excess and restricted oxygen, reaction with chlorine Alkenes: structure of ethane, pi bond, reactivity […]

Inorganic Chemistry

This unit requires Physical Chemistry to have been completed. Group I: physical properties, storage, reaction with water, air and alcohol, reactivity trends, physical properties of salts, thermal stabilities of nitrates, carbonates and hydrogen carbonates, hydrolysis of carbonates. Group II: consideration of properties in comparison with Group 1 Group VII: physical properties, reactivity trends and comparison […]

Physical Chemistry

This unit requires Structure, Bonding and the Mole to have been completed. Electronic definitions and ionic redox half-equations, constructing complete redox equations from ionic half equations, oxidation numbers. Factors affecting rate of chemical reactions, collision theory, Maxwell-Boltzmann curves, the intermediate compound theory of catalysts, activation energy, reaction energy profiles, the order of reaction. Reversible reactions, […]


Structure, Bonding and the Mole Atomic structure in terms of protons, neutrons and electrons, Isotopes and the use of the mass spectrometer. Relative Atomic Mass. The electron configuration of atoms, quantization of energies, electron spin and “electrons in boxes”, wave nature of the electron, shapes of s & p orbitals. Conductivities of solutions of molecular […]


DC Electricity Potential and potential difference Electrostatics Lighting Charge, circuits and current Kirchoff’s laws Resistance, Ohm’s law, resistivity, I=nAvq AC Electricity and Electronics Introduction to the theory of alternating currents. Kirchhoff’s laws revisited Overview of an AC generator Frequency and periodicity Sinusoidal voltages and currents Angular frequency Phase angle and phase difference Average value of […]

Mathematics Modules

CORE MATHEMATICS (Course Code CM) [Term 1, Level 0] This module is covered by every foundation student. Basic Pure (Arithmetic and Algebra) is revised and is of Higher GCSE level standard, whilst some Decision Maths and extra Statistics of AS Level standard is also covered to extend beyond GCSE level in order to prepare for […]